Paddle Tennis is NOT Ping Pong!Paddle tennis is a game adapted from tennis and played for over a century. Compared to tennis, the court is smaller and has no doubles lanes, and the net is lower. Paddle tennis is played with a solid paddle as opposed to a strung racquet, and a depressurized tennis ball is used along with an underhand serve. The same court is used for both singles and doubles, with doubles being the dominant form of play. The smaller court size adds a strong emphasis and advantage to net play and creates a fast and reaction-based game.
Paddle tennis traces its roots back over a hundred years to its development by an Episcopal minister, Frank Peer Beal, in lower Manhattan. Wanting to create recreational activities for neighborhood children, he got the city’s parks and recreation department to lay courts in Washington Square Park in Greenwich Village in 1915. The first tournament was held in 1922, and the United States Paddle Tennis Associated was formed the following year. By 1941, paddle tennis was being played in almost 500 American cities.
Although Frank Beal is known as the game's inventor, Murray Geller, a player in the 1940s and ‘50s, was instrumental in creating the modern game. Elected chairman of the USPTA rules committee, he wanted to make the game more appealing to adults and instituted features including an enlarged court and an underhanded serve. Note: Platform tennis, a later development is often called Paddle Tennis.
Paddle tennis courts are constructed of the same materials as tennis courts, or can also be placed on hard beach sand. The court measures 50 feet baseline-to-baseline and 20 feet across, with the service line 3 feet in from the baseline. This creates a service box of 10'x22'. The net is placed at 31 inches. On the west coast, a restraint line is drawn 12' back parallel to the net. When in use, all players must keep both feet behind the restraint line until after the player receiving the serve has struck the ball.
The Ball and Paddle
The ball used is a standard tennis ball with its internal pressure reduced so that when dropped from a height of 6 feet, it bounces to between 31 and 33 inches. This is usually achieved by puncturing the ball with a hypodermic needle or safety pin.
The paddle is made of solid material such as wood or a composite of a rubberized or titanium core covered with graphite, and contains no strings. It is usually textured or perforated and may have a metal rim around the head. Its dimensions are limited to 18" in length and 9.5" in width.
- Players: Played in both singles or doubles.
- Serves: Serve must be underhand. Only one serve is allowed, no second serve is allowed.
- Score: Scoring method is the same as in tennis. Matches are best of three sets.
Court lines are only considered during the serve.
Points are lost to the opposing team when the ball:
-bounces twice on your side
-hits you or your partner
-lands on the court and bounces over the walls or mesh and out of play
-is double hit, scooped or carried
-is hit by both players before going over the net
-does not cross the net
-hits the mesh, walls or anything else before landing on the court.
The ball can be played off the back walls or the solid side walls before going over the net.
- Ball: Tennis ball with reduced pressure.
- Paddle: Solid with no strings. May be perforated.
- Court: There are two styles of courts. East and West coast styles.
Paddle Tennis is NOT:
Paddleball (NY style one wall or "4 wall", see www.paddleball.com)
Platform Tennis (see www.platform-tennis.com)
Padel (see www.padel.com)
Table Tennis (ping-pong)
Beach Paddle (see www.beachpaddle.com)
For complete game rules: www.paddle-tennis.com/rules/